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POLISH
GRAMMAR
PRONUNCIATION
GRAMATYKA
POLSKA
WYMOWA
Pronunciation | Useful Phrases | Noun Declensions | Adjective Declensions
Pronoun Declensions | Prepositions | Numbers
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Polish Alphabet
Letter

International Phonetic Alphabet

American English Approximation American English Example
(Approximation)
Polish Example
Aa aahas in fatherfala (wave)
Ąą ɔon(nasalized vowel) as in the French word bon (they are)
Bb bbas in boybanan (banana)
Cc ts͡tsas in bats or as in notesnoc (night)
Ćć tɕ͡chsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in cheerrobić (to do)
Dd ddas in dogdobry (good)
Ee ɛehas in mettekst (text)
Ęę ɛen(nasalized vowel) as in the French word fin; when "ę" is the final letter of a word it tends to be pronounced like "e"język (language)
Ff ffas in funfajka (pipe)
Gg ggas in goodgóra (mountain)
Hh xkhas in the Scottish word loch (same pronunciation as "ch")handel (commerce)
Ii ieeas in seelis (fox)
Jj jyas in yesjutro (tomorrow)
Kk kkas in kitekrólik (rabbit)
Ll llas in lastlampa (lamp)
Łł wwpronounced approximately like the English letter "w"mały (small)
Mm mmas in maymapa (map)
Nn nnas in nonoc (night)
Ńń ɲnias in onionkoń (horse)
Oo ɔoas in nonoga (leg)
Óó uooas in cool (same pronunciation as "u")ósmy (eighth)
Pp ppas in panpraca (work)
Qq kqonly in foreign words, as in status quoQuo vadis? (a novel by Henryk Sienkiewicz)
Rr rras in roomrano (morning)
Ss ssas in sitsobota (Saturday)
Śś ɕshsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in sheetśroda (Wednesday)
Tt ttas in taptam (there)
Uu uooas in cool (same pronunciation as "ó")ulica (street)
Vv vvonly in foreign words, as in viavia (via)
Ww vvas in vanwino (wine)
Xx ks͡xonly in foreign words, as in Pax RomanaPax Romana
Yy ɨihas in whimsyn (son)
Zz zzas in zoozupa (soup)
Źź ʑzhsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in Indonesiapóźno (late)
Żż ʐzhhard/unpalatalized, as in measureżycie (life)

Other Letter Combinations
Letters

International Phonetic Alphabet

American English ApproximationAmerican English ExamplePolish Example
chxkhas in the Scottish word loch (same pronunciation as "h")chleb (bread)
citɕ͡ or tɕ͡ichsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in cheerciało (body)
cztʂ͡chhard/unpalatalized, as in chairczas (time)
dzdz͡dzas in padsdzwon (bell)
dzidʑ͡ or dʑ͡ijsoft/palatalized, as in jeans (same pronunciation as "dź")dziecko (child)
dʑ͡jsoft/palatalized, as in jeans (same pronunciation as "dzi")dźwięk (sound)
dʐ͡jhard/unpalatalized, as in jam (mainly found in words of foreign origin)dżem (jam)
niɲ or ɲinias in onion (same pronunciation as "ń")niebo (sky)
rzʐzhhard/unpalatalized, as in measure (same pronunciation as "ż"); note: on rare occasion the "r" and "z" are pronounced separately (marznąć - to freeze)morze (sea)
siɕ or ɕishsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in sheet (same pronunciation as "ś")siedem (seven)
szʂshhard/unpalatalized, as in showszynka (ham)
ziʑ or ʑizhsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in Indonesia (same pronunciation as "ź")zielony (green)