POLISH GRAMMAR
GRAMATYKA POLSKA
PRONUNCIATION ~ WYMOWA

Polish Alphabet
Letter International Phonetic Alphabet American English Approximation American English Example
(Approximation)
Polish Example
Aaaahas in fatherfala (wave)
Ąąɔon(nasalized vowel) as in the French word bon (they are)
Bbbbas in boybanan (banana)
Ccts͡tsas in bats or as in notesnoc (night)
Ććtɕ͡chsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in cheerrobić (to do)
Ddddas in dogdobry (good)
Eeɛehas in mettekst (text)
Ęęɛen(nasalized vowel) as in the French word fin; when "ę" is the final letter of a word it tends to be pronounced like "e"język (language)
Ffffas in funfajka (pipe)
Ggggas in goodgóra (mountain)
Hhxkhas in the Scottish word loch (same pronunciation as "ch")handel (commerce)
Iiieeas in seelis (fox)
Jjjyas in yesjutro (tomorrow)
Kkkkas in kitekrólik (rabbit)
Llllas in lastlampa (lamp)
Łłwwpronounced approximately like the English letter "w"mały (small)
Mmmmas in maymapa (map)
Nnnnas in nonoc (night)
Ńńɲnias in onionkoń (horse)
Ooɔoas in nonoga (leg)
Óóuooas in cool (same pronunciation as "u")ósmy (eighth)
Ppppas in panpraca (work)
Qqkqonly in foreign words, as in status quoQuo vadis? (a novel by Henryk Sienkiewicz)
Rrrras in roomrano (morning)
Ssssas in sitsobota (Saturday)
Śśɕshsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in sheetśroda (Wednesday)
Ttttas in taptam (there)
Uuuooas in cool (same pronunciation as "ó")ulica (street)
Vvvvonly in foreign words, as in viavia (via)
Wwvvas in vanwino (wine)
Xxks͡xonly in foreign words, as in Pax RomanaPax Romana
Yyɨihas in whimsyn (son)
Zzzzas in zoozupa (soup)
Źźʑzhsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in Indonesiapóźno (late)
Żżʐzhhard/unpalatalized, as in measureżycie (life)

Other Letter Combinations
Letters

International Phonetic Alphabet

American English ApproximationAmerican English ExamplePolish Example
chxkhas in the Scottish word loch (same pronunciation as "h")chleb (bread)
citɕ͡ or tɕ͡ichsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in cheerciało (body)
cztʂ͡chhard/unpalatalized, as in chairczas (time)
dzdz͡dzas in padsdzwon (bell)
dzidʑ͡ or dʑ͡ijsoft/palatalized, as in jeans (same pronunciation as "dź")dziecko (child)
dʑ͡jsoft/palatalized, as in jeans (same pronunciation as "dzi")dźwięk (sound)
dʐ͡jhard/unpalatalized, as in jam (mainly found in words of foreign origin)dżem (jam)
niɲ or ɲinias in onion (same pronunciation as "ń")niebo (sky)
rzʐzhhard/unpalatalized, as in measure (same pronunciation as "ż"); note: on rare occasion the "r" and "z" are pronounced separately (marznąć - to freeze)morze (sea)
siɕ or ɕishsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in sheet (same pronunciation as "ś")siedem (seven)
szʂshhard/unpalatalized, as in showszynka (ham)
ziʑ or ʑizhsoft/palatalized (tongue against roof of mouth), as in Indonesia (same pronunciation as "ź")zielony (green)


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